Where is Mount Everest

Where is Mount Everest

Everyone is familiar with the tallest peak in the world. One and only Mount Everest. But very few people know about its exact location. So they wander like “Where is Mount Everest Located? or Location of Mount Everest”. The mightiest Mount Everest (8848.86m) is located in the land of Himalayas, Nepal.

Now that we acquire the knowledge on the question “Where is Mount Everest?” or the Location of Mount Everest. So let’s talk more about the mountains. Mountain is a large landform that rises above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually larger than hills and covered with snow. The tectonic forces or volcanism forms mountains. The higher elevation in the mountain region has a colder climate than that of the sea level. Mountains are more used for resource extraction and recreation such as climbing and skiing. There are three types of mountains: volcanic, fold, and block. When the piles of earth crust move, crumple and dive it results in the formation of mountains.

Because of harsh weather mountains are less preferable for human habitation. The altitude at 5950m is the highest tolerable altitude and above that, there is less oxygen available for breathing. Above 8000m elevations is popular as the death zone as there is not enough oxygen to support human life. This is why Mountain summits are one of the risky activities in the world.

Location of Everest

What Country is Mount Everest In?

Well, the answer to both the questions: Where is Mount Everest and What Country is Mount Everest In is the same. The world-famous peak Mount Everest resides in a tiny nation Nepal. Popular for its overwhelming height, Mount Everest is the earth’s tallest mountain peak in the Himalayan mountain range. The Himalayan range in Asia consists of some of the tallest Himalayan peaks. These peaks separate the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetian plateau. These Himalayan ranges extend to the major South Asian countries such as Nepal, China, India, Bhutan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, etc.

The highest Himalayan peak stands tall between the border of Nepal and Tibet. The shape of Everest is like a three-sided pyramid. The three generally flat planes are the faces and the line that join the two faces is the ridge. The North face rises above Tibet and the North Ridge bounds it whereas the southwest face rises above Nepal and the West Ridge and the Southeast Ridge bounds it.

Nepal

Mount Everest, the world’s highest peak catches the attention of every mountaineer seeking something thrilling yet life-changing adventure. After getting the answer to the question “Where is Mount Everest?”, let’s know more about Everest from Nepal. Everest is one of the most challenging and lifelong dreams of many since the view and the recreation and Adventure adds beauty to the journey. Some people are completely into a thrilling adventure. Those risky adventures become their name and fame. Still being the ultimate mountaineering adventure, only 5000 people have accomplished their journey to Everest since 1953. However, many are in the verse of trying. Therefore, people have set their eyes on Everest as one of the most popular adventures.

Mount Everest lies in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayan range in southern Asia. Mount Everest is the mountain on the crest of the Great Himalayas in Southern Asia that is located on the border between Nepal and Tibet. The Sanskrit name for Everest is Sagarmatha which refers to “Peak of Heaven” whereas the Tibetian name for it is Chomolungma which means “Goddess Mother of the world”. However, The summit of Everest has two main climbing routes. One is from southeast Nepal and the other is approaching through the North in Tibet. The challenges that the climber has to face from both sides are altitude sickness, weather, wind, the routes, coldness, and other significant Hazards from the avalanches and the Khumbu icefalls. Despite its difficulties, Mount Everest is one of the popular destinations for those people seeking some extra challenges with extra thrilling adventure.

How High is Mount Everest

This article is not just about “Where is Mount Everest?” Here we try to provide you all the information and facts about Mount Everest. Mount Everest, is the earth’s tallest mountain peak. It is famous as the world’s highest mountain because of its highest elevation above sea level. There are previous records regarding the height of the Mountain peak. The elevation of Everest in 1955 was 8848m, both countries Nepal and China were okay with it. Later China re-confirm this height in 1975.

As there was the rapid evolution of technology from the 18th century to the 21st century. There were abundant tools and techniques to measure the exact height of Everest. The team measures the height of mount Everest taking sea level as the base. However, the new official height of Everest was announced very recently. The new announcement puts an end to the decade-long debate on the height of Mount Everest.

Khumbu Ice Fall

As per the joint measurements efforts by Nepal and China the new height of Everest is 8848.86m. The height increased by 0.86m than the previous one. Kathmandu and Beijing, the capital of Nepal and China then announce the height of Mount Everest at the same time. Since 2011, Nepal was working on the measurements of Everest. There were several surveys in the last 170 years but it was the very 1st time that Nepal measured its peak.

Location of Mount Everest

The exact location of Mount Everest lies on the border of 2 different countries in Asia, Nepal, and Tibet. It lies in the Mahalangur range of the Tibetian plateau known as Qing Zang Gaoyuan. On the other hand, In Nepal, it lies in the Sagarmatha National Park in the Solukhumbu district. So, climbers can have access to the summit of Everest from both Nepal and Tibet. Yearly hundreds of people choose to summit Everest but very few get close to this almighty peak. Few of them make their summit from Nepal as half of them make their summit from Tibet. No matter where you decide to take the journey, the route is always challenging and the weather is pretty disturbing.

So the location of Mount Everest is in Nepal. Everest indeed is the highest point above sea level but its summit is not the farthest from the earth center. The two countries in South Asia that Mount Everest touches its border with are

Nepal

The country of Himalayas, Nepal is the sovereign country in South Asia covering an area of 147181 sq. km. Nepal is a landlocked country. India borders this landlocked county in the east, south, and west while China borders in the North. Nepal has a diverse geography and is a multi-ethnic country with Nepali as the official language. Nepal is home to 8 out of the world’s 10 tallest mountains including the world’s highest peak Mt. Everest. Nepal also the answer to the question “Where is Mount Everest?”. The base camp to Everest is one of the most popular trekking activities in Nepal. Besides, the Everest summit is another thrilling yet adventurous activity that many climbers prefer to do in Nepal. Nepal is also known as the land of the Himalayas and this title attracts the attention of climbers all over the world.

China

The other country that borders Everest is Tibet which is an autonomous region of China. The Tibetan name for Everest is Chomolungma. China, officially the People’s Republic of China, the most populous country with around 1.4 billion in the year 2019. It is the 3rd largest country in the world covering approximately 9.6 million sq. km. The landscape of China is vast, diverse ranging from the Gobi and Taklamakan Deserts in the arid north to the subtropical forests in the South. China is among the few existing countries which are economically and culturally flourished in the earliest stage of the world’s civilization.

Mount Everest

How to Get to Mount Everest

From Nepal

As the question “Where is Mount Everest?” has got its answer. Now we are going to learn about how to get to Mount Everest from Nepal. The Nepal side of Mount Everest is in the South. It is the most popular side of the summit. The Nepal side of the Everest is Sagarmatha National Park with one of the most popular trekking routes- Everest Base Camp trail. Trekkers usually fly to Kathmandu and then fly from Kathmandu to Lukla then trek to Namche Bazaar which is the gateway for the Everest Basecamp trek. The basecamp to Everest is at an altitude of 5,320m.

From China

The China side of Everest is in the north. Foreigners require to travel to Everest in China with a Chinese travel agency itinerary and a Tibetian tour guide. China’s side Everest is a wide valley in U-Shape. Trekkers usually fly to Lhasa or take a train via Xining. People even hire 4WD from Lhasa to Rongbuk Monastery, 5100m.

How Old Is Mount Everest

Every year many climbers make their way to the Mount Everest summit.  The world’s highest mountain recently got its new height of 8848.86m. It is quite famous for hosting many treks and climbs. There are many lingering questions relating to the actual age of Everest. About the actual geological age of Everest, there are many opinions of different Geologists. Practically speaking there are no exact records regarding the age of Mount Everest. However, according to the research done by Scientists, Mount Everest is around 50 to 60 million years old. As Everest being a part of the Himalayas, scientists believe that the Himalayas are formed due to the collision of the Indian and Eurasian plates. Therefore, the age of Everest is similar to the age of the Himalayas.

On the other hand, a few years ago some scientists discover that around 500 million years ago there was a mountain range, even before the collision where now the Himalayas lie. So, an explanation was made that maybe 500 million years ago the mountain range was formed by the collision of the Indian plate. So, Everest can be 500 million years old too. Everest is composed of multiple layers of rock folded back on themselves and the rock on the lower elevations of the mountain consists of metamorphic schists and gneisses, topped by igneous granite.

How Did Mount Everest Get its Name?

After acquiring knowledge on “Where is Mount Everest?”. We move forward to learn about how did Mount Everest get its name. Mount Everest is a peak in the Himalaya mountain range located between Nepal and Tibet, an autonomous region of China. For over several years scientists have tried to establish the exact height of Mount Everest.

Likewise, the name of Everest has its own history. In 1856, the peak got its name after British surveyor George Everest. In 1852 Radnanath Sikhdar, a mathematician working for the great Trigonometrical Survey, who has been mapping the Indian Subcontinent identified the world’s highest mountain in the world that lies the border between Tibet and Nepal. The Tibetian already named it Chomolungma and Nepali already called it Sagarmatha. So, the British referred to the peak as XV until Andrew Waugh, the surveyor-general of India, suggested that it be named for his predecessor, Sir George Everest. The peak was officially named Everest in 1865.

Sir George Everest was born in Wales on July 4, 1790, and attended military schools in England before spending his adult life in India. He joined the Great Trigonometrical Survey in 1818 after working for the East India Company. He spent 25 years on this project working as superintendent in 1823 and then the surveyor-general of India in 1830. After that, he returned to Great Britain following his retirement in 1843. Sir George Everest always prefer a native name for the highest peak, despite waugh’s proposal of naming the Highest peak in his honor. Despite the name was already given by the native country’s, Waugh was unaware of the indigenous moniker which had barred the survey team from crossing the border.

Waugh wrote the proposal to the Royal Geographical Society in 1856. However, Sir George Everest didn’t collaborate saying that the locals will have a problem pronouncing the name. Despite his arguments, society decides to dub the world’s tallest peak as Mount Everest in 1865.

First Person to Climb Mount Everest

Summit to Everest is difficult and risky. Yearly hundreds of people make their way to the summit of Everest. However, very few get close to this pinnacle site. Half of them halt their journey in the middle. Some even lose their life but it is the glory of the victory to those who have become successful. The summit to the world’s tallest peak requires days of preparation and months of extreme training. Simultaneously upon knowing “Where is Mount Everest?” or the location of Mount Everest. We now get information on the first person to climb Mount Everest. The very 1st person to reach the top of the Everest was Sir Edmund Percival Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa. Sir Edmund Percival Hillary was a New Zealand mountaineer and explorer. He along with Sherpa mountaineer Tenzing Norgay became the first climbers to summit Everest on 29 May 1953.

Khumbu Ice Fall Everest Region

Edmund Hillary

Sir Edmund Hillary has been interested in mountaineering since his secondary school days. So as his first attempt he reaches the summit of Mount Ollivier in 1939. During world war II he served as the navigator in the Royal New Zealand Air Force and was wounded in an accident. He has also been part of the British reconnaissance expedition to the mountain in 1951. His attempt at climbing Cho Oyu was unsuccessful in 1952. Besides Everest, he reached the North Pole and the South Pole and became the first person to reach both poles. Then he set his eyes on the world’s highest peak. He starts assisting the Sherpa people of Nepal through the Himalayan Trust which was established by himself. He had numerous honors conferred upon him, including the Order of the Garter in 1995.

At 11:30 am on May 29, 1953, Edmund Hillary of Newzealand and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa from Nepal became the first explorers to reach the highest summit of 29,035 feet above sea level, Mount Everest. the news of their success broke out around the world on June 2. The first record of attempting to climb the summit of Everest was by a British expedition in 1921. However, a raging storm forced them to abort their ascent. Later A second British expedition featuring Mallory returned in 1922 reaching an impressive height of around 27000 feet. In another attempt made by Mallory, seven Sherpa porters were killed. The third Everest expedition was launched by the British in 1924 where the climber set the record of reaching 28128 feet without using artificial oxygen.

Tenzing Norgay Sherpa

Four days later, Mallory and Andrew went for the summit but were never seen alive. However, Mallory’s body was found in 1999 with numerous broken bones. It is still a mystery whether or not they reach the summit. Several unsuccessful attempts were made from Tibet’s Northeast Ridge and after World War II Tibet was closed to foreigners. Nepal opened its door to foreign climbers in 1949 and several attempts were made to the summit by British and Swiss. Many returned due to oxygen malfunctioning but there was no success rate until on May 28, Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Sir Edmund Hillary set out for the Journey. After the sleepless night, freezing cold the pair was successful in setting up the new record.

They reach the south summit by 9 am and steep rocky steps, some 40 feet high about an hour later. Squeezing himself in the crack, Hillary inched himself up which was later known as Hillary Step. Hillary threw the rope down and Norgay followed. Like this, they were able to be at the top of the world by 11:30. The news of the success spread from the expedition basecamp to the radio post at Namche Bazar. The news was then sent by a coded message to London which was the day of the Queen Elizabeth coronation. The next day the news broke all over the world. So, they achieve their greatest dream theirs and got various medals as rewards.

Where To See the Everest from Nepal

Seeing Everest is the dream for many mountaineers and trekkers. After getting the location of Mount Everest, now let’s come to the topic “Where to See the Everest from Nepal”. And the vision one sets in their mind when talking about Everest is the thick jacket, goggles on an ice-encrusted face after weeks of trekking. This scenario is more satisfying and appealing. Nepal can offer this kind of scenario of Everest. Besides, there are many other ways to enjoy the magnificent peak. For those who have limited time on their hands, they can view Everest taking a mountain flight from Kathmandu. It is an hour-long flight that presents you with a panoramic view of Everest. The wonderful experience of flying above the sky with the magnificent view of the snow-capped peaks are heartwarming. It is for those who don’t want a hard and difficult journey to view Everest.

On the other hand, if you are into adventure and hard climbing then you can trek to the basecamp. Flying from Kathmandu to Lukla and trekking to Namche Bazar, the gateway to Everest can present you with a wonderful view of Everest. With a superb panorama of the Khumbu peaks and Everest, this can be the most embarking journey to Everest. From Namche, the next destination that can give you a stunning view is Kala Patthar. It is a unique place that offers a stunning view of the Himalayas including the highest one, Mt. Everest. Likewise, another way to get a wonderful view of Everest by experiencing the journey yourself is the Everest Summit. The difficult track, the cold weather, the tiring walk can be exhausting but the real view of the mighty Everest is worth giving a try.

The weather of Mount Everest

Let’s move towards the weather of Mount Everest after knowing the location of Mount Everest. The weather on Mount Everest is Extremely cold. January is the coldest month of the year where the temperature reaches low to -76 degrees Fahrenheit. The temperature in this region ranges from 19-degree Fahrenheit which never rises above freezing. As bad weather can hit anytime in the Himalayan region so it is hard to predict the weather on Everest. In addition to the extremely cold climate, the wind and the snowy slippery routes present danger to the climbers. High winds carry sand, stones and snow, and ice during storms. Even an unexpected storm can bring 10 feet of snow. The best season for climbing Mount Everest is April-May and from mid-June to August.

On the way to Everest

The Surrounding Locality Near Everest

Succeeding the info regarding the “Where is Mount Everest?” or location of Mount Everest. We now talk about the surrounding locality near Everest. The descendants around the Himalayan region are mostly Sherpas and Bhotes. While on your way to Everest you will pass through the various village of Sherpas. Tibetian culture highly influences this region. You will get a glimpse of the monasteries and Gompas. Apart from the trek and summit to Everest presents you with stunning views of the landscapes as well as the exploration of the culture and tradition. You will explore the typical life of Sherpa people living within this area who has been the climbers and guide for several years

Conclusion

Mount Everest is one of the valuable natural treasures of Nepal. Nepal is popular as the land of the Himalayas all over the world. Some even know Nepal by the country with Mount Everest. It is famous in the world and promotes Nepal to the world. People from all over the world make their attempt for the sightseeing of the world’s highest peak. And Nepal does have various options for those cases. To those who have limited time, they can view Everest from the mountain flight which only takes an hour of your time. Besides those who are into tour and trekking, they can trek to the Base camp of Everest. On the other hand, someone who has a high interest in mountaineering can even climb the summit of this peak. There are various ways to explore Everest.

Here we provide several packages of treks in the Everest Region.

Base Camp Trek
Panorama Trek
Gokyo Ri Trek
High Passes Trek

 

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