Everest Base Camp Trek
Everest Trekking

Everest Base Camp Trek

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Trip Facts

Overview

Everest base camp trek, the super adventure full of enjoyable and exciting moments from the beginning to an end on this marvelous adventurous journey, leading you to the heart of the world’s highest Mt. Everest base camp at 5,364 m with incredible views of Khumbu Ice Falls and remorseless fields of the moraine, ice, and glaciers that surround you.

On Everest Base Camp trek, where you can relax in the comfort of nice cozy lodges with amazing views of Mt. Everest (8,848m / 29, 028ft) Mt. Lhotse (8,516 m-24,940 ft), Mt. Nuptse (7,855m-25,772 ft) Amadablam (6,812 m / 22,480 ft) Kangtenga (6,782 m / 22, 380 ft) Tharmarserku ( 6,623 m / 21, 855 ft) Kwangde (6,011 m / 19,837 ft) Kusum Kanguru (6,373 m / 21,030 ft) holy Mt. Khumbi-la (5,761 m / 19,012 ft), Island peak with adjoining peaks as far to world 5th highest Mt. Makalu towards east horizon.

Besides mountain scenery, this marvelous adventure leads you around interesting sherpa villages enriched with old-age culture and customs of Buddhist religion with impressive old monasteries.

The high area of Everest is locally known as the Khumbu region where the main settlements and villages are Lukla, Phakding, Monjo, Namche Bazaar, Khumjung, Khunde, Thame, Thyangboche, Pangboche, and Phortse.

The economy of the Khumbu Sherpa community has traditionally been heavily based on trade and livestock herding, but in the last past decades with the influx and flow of trekkers and mountaineering expeditions, the Sherpa economy at present is increasingly dependent on tourism.

To reach Everest base camp, the main and popular way is flying into Lukla taking a short flight from Kathmandu with awesome views of mountains during 35 minutes flight, and then walking into lovely Sherpa farm villages following the glacial Dudh Kosi River, and then entering the world highest Sagarmatha National Park at Monjo village, the park added to the list of World Heritage Sites in 1979, covering an area of 1,148 sq. Kms with rich alpine vegetation include rhododendron-juniper-pines-firs and birch tree lines.

Wild-Life is often sighted during the walk within Sagarmatha National Park like Himalayan Thar, Musk Deer, and Nepal national bird Danphe / Impheyan pheasant, snow leopard exists but rarely seen like the Yeti.

From the park entrance heading higher to reach Namche a great place to enjoy a rest day especially when the Saturday market is on, Namche bazaar with many facilities of nice lodges-hotels-restaurants, bakeries, pubs, cyber cafés, banks, and post-office with superstores and shops.

After Namche walk is pleasant for a few hours with glorious views of Everest, Amadablam, and other lesser peaks, and then with uphill to reach at scenic Thyangboche Monastery with super views surrounded by green woodland, after a nice interesting tour walk continues heading into the wide exposed landscape on leaving the tree lines behind for barren and arid terrain, as the walk leads higher reaching our goal and highlight of the adventure at Everest base camp.

At Everest base camp with ample to marvel at the dramatic scenery of Khumbu Ice Falls and glaciers with towering peaks of Lo-La and Nuptse located on each side of Mt. Everest South Face. After an overwhelming and exciting time, our Everest Base Camp trek concludes with a climb to the rocky Kalapathar hilltop, with views of Everest at close distance and standing on the highest point of the adventure at 5,545 m high.

Return journey on the same route back at Lukla for short sweeping flight to Kathmandu, after a great enjoyable time and mesmerizing adventure on Everest Base Camp Trekking.

Trip Highlights

  • Scenic flight to and from Lukla
  • Explore Sherpa museum in Namche Bazar
  • Panoramic view from Syangbuche
  • Experiencing life as the “mountain people” live, in the heart of Himalaya
  • Visit Tyangboche Monastery
  • Remarkable views of Khumbu Icefall
  • Climbing Kalapatthar at an elevation of 5,555m
  • Spectacular Mt. views from Kala Patar.

Itinerary

Day 01

Arrival in Kathmandu and transfer to respective hotels.

On reaching Kathmandu airport meet the guide and staff for the transfer to respective hotels around the Thamel area, with rendezvous with other members of the group for orientation and briefing with welcome dinner at authentic Nepali dinner.

  • Max. Altitude
    1345m/4412ft
  • Meal
    Dinner
  • Accomodation
    3 stars level hotel
Day 02

Fly to Lukla 2,820 m and trek to Phakding 2,650 m.

Morning transfer to Kathmandu domestic airport for a short scenic flight of 35 minutes to Lukla the gateway to Everest and higher Khumbu area, from here after a break to refresh meet the guide, trekking staff, and porters and continue to walk past Lukla town on the easy path with views of Kwangde peak and the village of Muse and Chowri Kharka, the walk with few ups and down following the Dudh Kosi River passing villages of Choplung, Ghat till Phakding is reached for an overnight stop.

  • Max. Altitude
    2610mtrs/8563ft
  • Meal
    Breakfast/ Lunch/Dinner
  • Accomodation
    Hotel/Tea house
Day 03

Trek to Namche Bazaar 3,440 m.

From Phakding morning walk is pleasant through nice woodland of pines and rhododendron trees with few ups and down with views of Kusum Kanguru, Kwangde, and Tharmasarku peaks crossing the bridge over Dudh Kosi to reach Monjo and to Jorsalle after the entrance of Sagarmatha National Park, at Jorsalle for lunch.

From here walk on the river bed for some time and head uphill in the forest to cross the last bridge over Imjatse and Bhote Kosi that joins the Dudh Kosi river at this point.

A long winding uphill with first views of Mt. Everest, Lhotse, and Nuptse (on a clear day) this winding climb finally reaches Namche Bazaar after a few hours of hard uphill walk from lunch place.

At Namche check into one of the fine designated lodges with time to browse around the shops and vendors or just relax.

  • Max. Altitude
    3440m/11286ft
  • Meal
    Breakfast/ Lunch/Dinner
  • Accomodation
    Hotel/Tea house
Day 04

At Namche with rest day for acclimatization and hike

A great place for rest and free day and necessary for acclimatization before heading higher beyond Namche, at Namche optional short hike to a viewpoint and the museum provides information of this area from flora/fauna, geography, mountain and Sherpa history, culture and religion offering tremendous views of Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, Ama Dablam, Thermasarku, Kwangde, holy Khumbi-la peak and of valley and gorge below.

Optional hike to Everest View Hotel above Namche at 3,880 meters by Syangboche old airstrip or a half-day hike visiting the quiet and sleepy villages of Khumjung with monastery and Khunde.

  • Max. Altitude
    3490m/11447ft
  • Meal
    Breakfast/ Lunch/Dinner
  • Accomodation
    Hotel/Tea house
Day 05

Trek to Tengboche 3,867 m.

After an enjoyable rest at Namche, the journey continues on the nice and scenic trail with views of Mt. Everest, Ama Dablam, and other range of peaks walking into green tree lines a good walk with downhill to Phungetenga a small place in a gorge after crossing the Imjatse River for lunch at Phungetenga.

From here a steep uphill haul through the nice forest surrounding with views of Thermasarku and Kangtenga peaks, and then with a long climb of fewer than two hours reaching at famous Tengboche monastery with awesome views of surrounding peaks including Mt. Everest and Ama Dablam.

Here as per the time set for a visit inside the monastery where you can observe monks, priests, and lama on prayer time in the late afternoon.

All major expeditions to Mt. Everest and other high peaks visit here to get blessing from the high priest for a successful and safe climb.

  • Max. Altitude
    3680m/12070ft  
  • Meal
    Breakfast/ Lunch/Dinner
  • Accomodation
    Hotel/Tea house 
Day 06

Trek to Dingboche 4,530m - 05 hrs.

On leaving Tengboche walk leads downhill through the nice cool woodland passing settlement of Debouche to reach a bridge over Imja Tse river gorge, from this bridge the last of tree lines and lush vegetation, walk leads to a gradual climb through rows of prayer and mani wall, stupa with fantastic views of Ama Dablam as the walk progress reaching Pangboche (the last permanent village on route Everest Base camp and another high area of Khumbu).

From Pangboche walk leads to a short steep climb to Shomare a small temporary village serving as a lodge, teahouse, and popular lunch stop on route Dingboche and Pheriche with close views of AmaDablam.

From here a slow climb towards Orsho where the walk gets gentle and the path splits from this place the other high trail to Pheriche, the lower path east to Dingboche, our route heading east crossing the icy Khumbu river tributary of Imja Tse and Dudh Kosi river, and then a steep climb for 45 minutes to reach the ridge with prayer stones, a pleasant walk from here brings at Dingboche with many lodges around where the areas are guarded with stone walls located on the southern Imajese valley beneath the towering North Face of Ama Dablam with views of Lhotse, peak 29 and Island / Imja Tse peak towards east.

  • Max. Altitude
    4410m/14464ft 
  • Meal
    Breakfast/ Lunch/Dinner
  • Accomodation
      Hotel/Tea house
Day 07

At Dingboche for acclimatization and day hike.

A pleasant place for an extra rest day before starting the real adventure crossing passes of Khongmatse and Tsho-la, here optional hike to Nangkartsang a high hill offering superb views of surrounding snow-capped peaks including the world 5th highest Mt. Makalu and Amphu Labtsa peaks as well.

The rest of the afternoon at leisure the last place with an assist to cyber café in one it’s many lodges around.

  • Max. Altitude
     4410m/14464ft  
  • Meal
    Breakfast/ Lunch/Dinner
  • Accomodation
     Hotel/Tea house 
Day 08

Trek to Lobuche 4,910 m via Thugla 4,640 m - 05 hrs.

Starting the morning walk with a slow climb uphill to the ridge with prayer flags and Buddhist monument of the stupa, overlooking superb views of snow-capped peaks and on the pleasant trail with gradual up and downhill reaching the raging streams fed from the Khumbu glacier at a small place of Thugla (Dugla).

A popular lunch stop place where the trail from Pheriche and Dingboche joins with an hour break a steep climb of less than an hour reaches the top ridge of Thug-la with great views of Ama Dablam north face with Tawache and Cholatse, an interesting spot with memorials of late mountaineers who died climbing Everest, Lhotse, Pumori or other peaks of this area.

From here the walk continues on the gradual path towards Lobuche in the comfort of a nice cozy lodge after a good day.

  • Max. Altitude
    4910m/16104ft  
  • Meal
    Breakfast/ Lunch/Dinner
  • Accomodation
     Hotel/Tea house     
Day 09

Trek to Gorakshep 5,170 m and Everest Base Camp 5, 364 m.

The trail today is quite hard due to altitude gain with tremendous views of Mt. Pumori, Lhotse, Khumbutse, and Mt. Everest world’s highest peak at 8,848 meters / 29,028 ft. After a few hours of strenuous and scenic walk reaching at Gorakshep through moraine and icy path, Gorakshep houses 4 lodges, this place with the last lodge before Everest Base Camp, after a break here our journey continue to Everest Base Camp walking along then moraine with a view of Khumbu Icefall and then reaching at Everest Base Camp our goal and destination of this adventurous memorable trek. After spending some time at the base camp, return journey back to Gorakshep for the overnight stop after fulfilling the high light of this trip.

  • Max. Altitude
    5353m/17557ft
  • Meal
    Breakfast/ Lunch/Dinner
  • Accomodation
    Hotel/Tea house 
Day 10

Hike to Kalapatthar 5,545 m trek to Pheriche 4, 240 m.

Morning climb with a steep uphill to Kalapatthar for the most fantastic view of Mt. Everest with other surrounding peaks all the way to the southeastern horizon. Kalapatthar at 5,545 m the scenic view top for the entire south face of Mt. Everest and other high snow-capped peaks, after a memorable moment here and the highest point of this awesome trek, spending some time here a steep downhill back to Gorakshep and continue the journey all the way to Thugla after Lobuche and finally towards Pheriche valley for the overnight stop.

Pheriche is a temporary settlement near Dingboche with more than 20 lodges and teahouses with fabulous views of snow-capped peaks of Taboche, Cholatse, Ama Dablam and as far to Mt. Cho-Oyu in the distance.

  • Max. Altitude
    4210m/13808ft 
  • Meal
    Breakfast/ Lunch/Dinner
  • Accomodation
     Hotel/Tea house
Day 11

Trek to Namche Bazzar 3440m.

Leaving Pherbuche on the trail towards downhill to Panbuche valley with superb views of Ama Dablam, Nuptse wall, Lhotse, Pheriche a nice place with many lodges heading on the uphill trail at Tengboche Monastery after crossing Panbuche bridge.

From Tengboche downhill to Phungtenga and after the bridge climb to the top of Luvisa and Shanasa villages and then on the gradual winding trail reaching at Namche Bazaar for an overnight stop.

  • Max. Altitude
    3440m/11285ft
  • Meal
     Breakfast/ Lunch/Dinner
  • Accomodation
    Hotel/Tea house 
Day 12

Trek to Lukla.

Leisure and easy last day walk of this adventure to Lukla, the path follows the Dudh Kosi for some time passing Benkar, Tuc Tuc, and Phakding villages, and then slowly reaching Choplung where the trail from Jiri and Lukla joins.

From here the last 50 minutes climb of this trip to Lukla, on reaching Lukla in the comfort of a nice lodge and preparing for the last night’s dinner and party with fellow trekking guides, staff, and porters.

  • Max. Altitude
    2850m/9348ft
  • Meal
    Breakfast/ Lunch/Dinner
  • Accomodation
    Hotel/Tea house
Day 13

Fly to Kathmandu and transfer to the hotel.

From Lukla the flight starts early morning to Kathmandu, sometime the flight time can get delayed due to bad weather, as per the flight time board in the small plane for a super, scenic flight back to Kathmandu, on reaching at Katmandu domestic terminal our guide and staff transfer you back to respective hotels in the hub of Kathmandu in and around Thamel area.

  • Max. Altitude
    1345m/4412ft
  • Meal
    Breakfast
  • Accomodation
    3 stars level hotel
Day 15

International departure to respective countries.

Last day in the Himalayas and amazing Nepal, as per the international flight transfer to Kathmandu Tribhuvan International airport for the flight homeward bound to respective countries, after a most memorable time and experience in the high Himalayas of Nepal and the service of an expert, friendly guides, staff, and porters.

  • Meal
    Breakfast

Group Pricing

The trip cost will vary depending on the group size, please find Everest Base Camp Trek rates below.

Group Size
(PAX)
1 2-3 4-5 6-7 8-9 10+
Price (USD)
per person
1455 1275 1225 1175 1150 1100

Service Includes and Excludes

Service Included in this Trip

  • All the ground transportation by tourist vehicles.
  • Welcome or fare well dinner in kathmandu.
  • Standard Hotel in Kathmandu with breakfast (for two nights).
  • sightseeing in Katmandy with expert tour guide.
  • Meals 3 times a day (Breakfast, lunch and dinner) during the trekking for you. (Sample of trekking Menu)
  • Seasonal local fresh fruits as available.
  • Twin sharing comfortable private room during trekking.
  • Everest Trekking Map.
  • Both ways domestic flight tickets from Kathmandu/Lukla/Kathmandu with airport tax.
  • First aid medical kit, Ox meter to check pulse, heart rate and oxygen saturation at higher altitude.
  • An experienced, knowledgeable, helpful and friendly English-speaking Government license holder trekking guide.
  • Food, drinks, accommodation, insurance, salary, equipment’s, transportation, local tax for Guide.
  • Four season sleeping bag, down jackets, Duffle bag (bag pack) and walking stick to use for trekking, if necessary.
  • Token of trip achievement award certificate as a Souvenir.(Sample of Certificate)
  • All the necessary officially paper works and Everest national park entry permits.
  • Pasang Lamu rural municipality entry permit.
  • TIMS (Trekkers’ Information Management System).
  • Emergency helicopter rescue arrangement which will be paid by your insurance company.
  • All our government taxes, vat, local tax, tourist service charges.

Service Excluded in this Trip

  • Lunch and dinner in Kathmandu (except welcome or fare well dinner)
  • All kinds of drinks in the mountain (hot, cold and alcoholic).
  • Entry fee while sightseeing in kathmandu.
  • Your Personal equipment.
  • Travel and rescue insurance.
  • Extra personal expenses (phone calls, laundry, bar bills, battery recharge, laundry, shower, excess baggage charges)
  • Tips for trekking staff and driver (Tipping is expected).
  • Any others expenses which are not mentioned on ‘Price Includes’ section.

SEASONS & DEALS
February through May and September through November are the major seasons in Nepal. So, we kindly ask you to confirm your trip as early as possible for the best deal and good travel management.
For the most up–to–date information & latest pricing please contact us.

Fixed Departure

Year
  • 2022
  • 2023
Start Date End Date Availability Booking
09 Dec, 2022 23 Dec, 2022 OPEN Book Now
16 Dec, 2022 30 Dec, 2022 OPEN Book Now
23 Dec, 2022 06 Jan, 2023 OPEN Book Now
30 Dec, 2022 13 Jan, 2023 OPEN Book Now

Does our itinerary plan do not go with your holiday dates? Does fixed departure dates are not suitable for you? Do you want to extend or shorten your trip duration? No worries, we can create your own custom tailor-made holidays with flexible duration and dates.
Click here to share your plan with us.

Trip Info

Everest Base Camp trek is a 15-day trek. This trek is very exciting. Annually, many visitors accomplish this trek to feel the adventure of trekking and be in touch with nature. The trip starts with the scenic flight to Luka. Upon reaching Lukla the trek officially starts ascending towards Phakding. Similarly, the ascend towards Phakding takes you through different Mani Walls, Prayer Flags, and Monasteries. Likewise, the last part of the trek is a downhill ascent to the river, at Phakding Village. Overnight at the guesthouse.

After a good night at Phakding, the trek starts with an easy stroll via the green forest of the region. After crossing the green pine and fir forest the trek continues towards Dudh Koshi. Similarly, being at Dudh Koshi is a divine feeling on its own. Likewise, after seeing the beauty of Dudh Koshi the trek takes you through the wonderful village of Monjo. After crossing Monjo village the trek enters Sagarmatha National Park. Now, after performing all permit-related work at Sagarmatha National Park and enjoying the diversity, the trek halts at Namche Bazaar. rest and acclimatize there.

After Namche Bazaar the trek continues towards Tengboche. At Tengboche, the beauty of the landscape makes your visit worthwhile. Similarly, after trekking via Tengboche The trek reaches Dingboche. From there the trek continues towards Lobuche, after taking a small break at Lobuche, the trek comes to its last stretch to reach the base camp. Then after reaching the Everest Base Camp, the next step is to hike to Kalapathar and there the beautiful scenery welcomes all the visitors.

Frequently Asked Questions

When is the best time to visit Everest Base Camp?

The best time to visit the Everest Base Camp is during the spring and autumn season. Not only through climate and weather but also through the festival point of view. Meaning during this time the visitors will experience different festivals. During this time the biggest festivals of Nepal Dashain and Tihar falls which can make all the visitor’s visits worthwhile. Similarly, at this time of year, the weather and climate are stable. And, you can travel in a clear sky.  Moreover, the sunshine will help to get a clear view of different peaks in the Everest region.

Can I visit Everest Base Camp alone?

Is Everest Base Camp trek difficult?

What is the cost to do the Everest Base Camp trek?

What kinds of hotels will I find at the Everest Base Camp trek?

What showers and laundry facilities will be available on the trek?

What food will be available at the Everest Base Camp trek?

Do you have a recommended list of clothing we should bring?

What kind of physical condition should I be in for the EBC trek?

Are there signals and WI-FI facilities at the Everest Base Camp?

What is the food like on the trek?

Can I take my down jacket or sleeping bag?

Can I leave my excess gear in Kathmandu?

What peaks will I see at Everest Base Camp?

What is the average size of the group at the EBC trek?

Grade A: Easy *

Trekking is essentially day hiking and doesn’t require any special training. However, good physical condition, a love of walking, and a desire to enjoying the spectacular views of the mountains and encounter village life are essential. We offer a diverse range of easy treks. Categorizing a trek as easy means that no difficult climbing or ascents to high altitudes is involved. They take usually no more than a week and are suitable for anyone. Be assured that a loss of altitude in no way means a loss of interesting things to see and experience. While our more challenging treks get you closer to a small number of mountain ranges, lower altitude treks often provide better viewpoints from which to enjoy the colorful horizons of a whole series of ranges. The duration of a trek can be from 4 to 9 days with an average of 4 to 5 hours walking per day. The elevation of the trail will be between 800m/2624ft and 2800m/ 9240ft above sea level.

Grade B: Moderate **

These treks are suitable for any walker looking for something a little more challenging and energetic. They are a combination of some longer and shorter walks and hill-walking experience is desirable. The duration is usually from 10 to 15 days. Following the up and down terrain of Nepal and walking to higher elevations contrasts these treks to those in the easy classification. However, you will be rewarded for your efforts with spectacular close-up views of glaciers and of the high Himalayas. Although the terrain is not difficult, some vigorous hiking experience is useful. There may be up to 6 hours a day on the trail and the elevation rises and falls from 800m/ 2624ft to 4000m/13210ft above sea level.

Grade C: Fairly Strenuous ***

Since the terrain can be hard and the days long, hikers on these treks should be in good physical condition and have some previous mountain walking experience. Steep climbing may be involved, although it is never necessary to use ropes. Treks at this level can he arranged for periods of 16 to 21 days. Typically, a gradual ascent through a green river valley will lead you up to a number of high passes, where you will reach the altitude of 5416m. Often times, you will get a close insight into the Tibetan culture. Participants should except to trek above 5416m/17872ft.

Grade D: Strenuous ****

These real adventure treks are both technical and highly strenuous. Excellent physical condition is essential and mountaineering experience is preferable. Following rough terrain, they involve steep ascents to high altitudes with the possibility of some rope climbing. Stamina is needed to complete one of these treks, as it can take from 20 to 28 days to reach the heart of the wildernesses that they transverse. Participants should except to trek above 5600m/18480ft

EQUIPMENTS & GEARS

Nepal is one of the best places in the world for river rafting. Numerous fine rivers offer excellent opportunities for rafting, canoeing and simply immersing oneself in the magnificent landscape. Nepal’s thundering waters, coming from the glaciers of the mighty Himalayan, provide unmatched thrills.

Clothing

Down Or Fiber Filled Waterproof Jacket And Trousers 1
Fleece Jacket Or Pullover 1
Warm Cotton Trousers 2 Pairs
Shirts And T-Shirts 4 Pieces
Lightweight Cotton Long Pants 3 Pairs
Long Under Wear 2 Pieces
Short Under Wear 4 Pieces
Sun Hat Or Scarf 1
Woolen Hat 1
Sunglasses 1
Lightweight Gloves 1
Rain Coat 1
Heavyweight Gloves Or Mittens With A Waterproof 1

Footwear

Trekking Boot 1 Pair
Thick Socks 4 Pairs
Light Socks 3 Pairs
Camp Shoes 1 Pair
Sandals 1 Pair

Other Equipments

Sleeping Bag(4seasons) 1
Down Jacket 1
Daypack 1
Water Bottle 1
Sun Cream, Sunglasses
Flashlight With Spare Bulbs, Batteries, Lip Salve, Gaiters.

Optional

Insect Repellent Toilet Articles Note Book & Pen Toilet Roll
Laundry Soap Pocket Knife Towel Sewing Kit
Plasters Binoculars Camera Film
Cards And Personal Medical Kit

Travel insurance is compulsory for all Clients undertaking any tour. It should provide adequate protection for the full duration of the tour to cover personal injury, medical expenses, repatriation expenses, helicopter evacuation, loss of luggage, etc.

For your kind information, we would like to give a list of the insurance companies, please go through the links below:

For Canadians And Americans

  1. http://www.travelguard.com
  2. http://www.worldnomads.com
  3. http://www.mondial-assistance.ca
  4. http://www.travelassistnetwork.com
  5. http://www.travelex-insurance.com
  6. http://www.travelite.com
  7. http://www.travelunderwriters.com
  8. http://www.hccmis.com/atlas-travel-insurance

For Australians And New Zealanders

  1. http://www.covermore.com.au
  2. http://www.allianz.com.au
  3. http://www.worldnomads.com.au
  4. http://www.bupa.com.au
  5. http://www.itrektravelinsurance.com.au
  6. http://www.1cover.com.au

For British

  1. http://www.travel-guard.co.uk
  2. http://www.worldnomads.co.uk
  3. http://www.thebmc.co.uk
  4. http://www.direct-travel.co.uk
  5. http://www.essentialtravel.co.uk

For Europe And Slovenia

  1. http://www.coris.si
  2. http://www.europaeische.at

For South-Africa

  1. http://www.travel-guard.co.za
  2. http://www.tic.co.za

For Indians

  1. http://www.internationalsos.com/en/asia-pacific_india.htm

MAJOR SYMPTOMS OF ALTITUDE SICKNESS

INITIAL SYMPTOMS

  1. Periods of sleeplessness
  2. Runny nose.
  3. Extra tiredness
  4. Occasional loss of appetite
  5. Feeling laziness
  6. Wish to vomiting
  7. Periodic breathing

Above are normal symptoms which may occur into your body that you should not be worried. Every trekker will experience some or all of these, no matter how slowly they ascend.

ADVANCE SYMPTOMS

  1. Headache and vomiting
  2. Dizziness
  3. Racing heartbeat
  4. Exhaustion
  5. Nausea
  6. Diarrhoea
  7. Loss of apatite
  8. Weakness
  9. Hard to breath
  10. Extra tired
  11. Dry Raspy cough
  12. Sleeplessness

When above symptoms will occur into your body, these symptoms usually resolve by spending one or two extra nights at the same altitude or using medicine. Even you are resting at the same altitude or using medicine, if symptoms are becoming worse, then it is necessary to descend.

SERIOUS SYMPTOMS

  1. Worsening headache and vomiting
  2. Swelling of hands and face
  3. Reduced urine output
  4. Walking with a staggering gait
  5. Confusion
  6. Increased tiredness
  7. Breathing irregularity
  8. Visual hallucinations (seeing things that are not real)
  9. Changes in the ability to think
  10. Changes in normal behavior

If above serious symptoms will occur into your body, these extremely dangerous symptoms are called High Altitude Cerebral Edema (or HACE). They can lead to unconsciousness and death within 12 hours. Increasing shortness of breath, cough and tiredness may also be signs of High Altitude Pulmonary Edema or HAPE. HAPE can also be rapidly fatal if ignored.

TO PREVENT ACUTE MOUNTAIN SICKNESS

  1. If possible, don’t fly or drive to high altitude. Start below 3,000 metres (10,000 feet) and walk up.
  2. If you do fly or drive, do not overexert yourself or move higher for the first 24 hours.
  3. If you go above 3,000 metres (10,000 feet), only increase your altitude by 350 to 500 metres (1,000 feet) per day
  4. Climb high and sleep low! You can climb more than 300 to 500 metres in a day as long as you come back down and sleep at a lower altitude.
  5. If you begin to show symptoms of moderate altitude sickness, don’t go higher until symptoms decrease.
  6. Drink plenty of water, tea or juice etc (at least three to 4 liters per day). Urine output should be copious and clear to pale yellow.
  7. Eat high-carbohydrate foods (rice, pasta, cereal) for more energy.
  8. Take it easy and don’t overexert yourself when you first get up to altitude. But, light activity during the day is better than sleeping because respiration decreases during sleep, exacerbating the symptoms.
  9. Avoid alcohol as it may increase the risk of dehydration, and don’t smoke.
  10. Don’t push yourself when climbing up to passes, rather take plenty of breaks.
  11. Avoid taking sleeping pills.
  12. Avoid active movements and try to relax in the first one or two days upon arrival at the high altitude areas.
  13. Bring adequate medicine.
  14. If nothing else works, return to the areas with the lower elevation.
  15. Allow sufficient time for acclimatization (After 3000 meters).
  16. Don’t make rapid Ascent. Don’t go too far too fast.
  17. Do not trek/travel alone, take guide/porter.
  18. Follow the advice from your guide, hotel, local, guide book.
  19. Descent if mild symptoms rapidly getting worse.
  20. Never leave or descent sick person along.
  21. Avoid getting cold.
  22. Take an easy and comfortable trekking route even if its longer

MEDICINE

Following is a list of items you should consider including in your medical kit – consult your pharmacist for brands available in your country.

  1. Aspirin or paracetamol – for pain or fever
  2. Antihistamine – for allergies, eg hay fever; to ease the itch from insect bites or stings; and to prevent motion sickness.
  3. Antibiotics consider including these if you’re traveling well off the beaten track’ see your doctor, as they must be prescribed, and carry the prescription with you.
  4. Loperamides or Diphenoxylate ‘blockers’ for diarrhea’ Prochlorperazine or metaclopramide for nausea and vomiting.
  5. Rehydration mixture to prevent dehydration, eg due to severe diarrhea; particularly important when traveling with children.
  6. Insect repellent, sunscreen, lip balm and eye drops.
  7. Calamine lotion, sting relief spray or aloe vera-to ease irritation from sunburn and insect bites or stings.
  8. Antifungal cream or powder – for fungal skin infections and thrush.
  9. Antiseptic, such as povidone-iodine for cuts and grazes.
  10. Bandages, band-aids or plasters and other would dressings.
  11. Scissors, tweezers and a thermometer (note that mercury thermometers are prohibited by airlines)
  12. Cold and Flu tablets, throat lozenges and nasal decongestant.
  13. Multivitamines – consider for long trips, when dietary vitamin intake may be inadequate.